We’ve completely overhauled our Backpacking Food to the latest research and thinking on the best hiking food & nutrition. So whatever your diet, low carb, keto, omnivore, vegetarian, & vegan we give you the latest knowledge available to create a healthy and nutritious trail diet that will put a spring in your step.
Our Low Carb Backpacking Food List is nutritious & has all calories of traditional backpacking food but it’s healthier & 1/2 the weight!
Our Keto Backpacking Food List is nutritious & has all calories of traditional backpacking food but it’s KETO & 1/2 the weight!
There is no exact answer to this question. In my “The Best Backpacking Food – simple and nutritious”, I threw out the best guess of 1.5 lb of food per day. But how but much food you need depends on who you are and what you do.
1.5 Pounds per Day | “Regular” Hiking Food
In the last 15 years of backpacking I personally seem to have settled on around 1.5 pounds per day of food give or take a bit. And again, I believe this is a good target for most hikers and it has worked well for most of my backpacking clients. This is for warm season backpacking with up to 12 miles per day (possibly more) with some off-trail travel. If I am going for killer trips, like 10-12 solid hours of hiking per day it will be more like 1.8 pounds of food per day.
Over the years I have lowered my hiking pace, but hike longer and take fewer breaks. I find that a slower hiking pace of 2.5 miles per hour (average including stops) is much more efficient calorie-wise than hiking at a faster pace. Most accomplished long distance thru-hikers I have talked to use a similar approach. Also, I find the slower pace beats up my body less and I get up the next morning fresh and ready to hike another day.
1.2 Pounds per Day | “Low Carb” Hiking Food
In the past 5 years I’ve had good success with 1.2 lb of Low Carb Hiking food = 3,000 calories. That’s almost 1/2 the weight of the 2 lb per day most hikers carry. Nonetheless, it’s plenty nutritious and since it’s around 150 calories/oz it provides the same calories. Go ahead and checkout our Low Carb Hiking Food List | 3 Day.
2022 | Keto Hiking Food, 1 lb/day: I in the last 3 years I have gone to keto hiking food. I’ve successfully used it on all my trips for up to 3 weeks, even when guiding north of the Arctic Circle in Alaska. My Keto Food averages out to around 1 pound per day for 3,000 calories. (But you need to be bonafide keto adapted before using this on the the trail. This means you likely need to have been following a consistent keto diet at home for at least a few months. And you need to be testing at home that you actually are in ketosis).
Estimating How Much Food You Need
In an example below, in order to not lose weight, a 160 pound male hiking 10 miles a day, with a 3,000 elevation gain, would need around 4,000 calories per day, or 2.0 pounds of food per day (assuming a caloric density of 125 calories per ounce). This is a very rough estimate, and should not be taken too seriously. You will need to do some experimenting to determine you own caloric needs for on the trail.
From this it is clear that 1.5 pounds of food per day (a figure often used by ultralight hikers) does not work for all situations, and for all people. Although that 1.5 lb of food per day will likely work well for many people on a short trip (e.g. a 3-day-weekend — where they not doing long miles and long hours of hiking per day. And for most of us, if you end up metabolizing/burning off a pound of fat on a trip, it’s all for the better [since backpacking is one of the supreme fat burning activities]!
But just because you can get by on 1.5 lb of food per day, doesn’t mean that it’s the best way to eat in all situations. Obviously serious thru hikers need more like 5,000+ calories per day to maintain their body weight. And even if you aren’t grinding thru hiking miles — if you are a fit person, hiking decent miles per day, and don’t want to lose weight, you’ll likely need more than 1.5 lbs of food per day.
Factors to consider for how much food you pack
- How much do you weigh?
- Does your metabolism run high or low?
- How far will you hike each day?
- How fast will you hike?
- For how many days?
- How much elevation gain?
- At what altitude?
- At what temperatures?
- How difficult is the terrain?
- What type of shape are you in?
- What are you used to eating?
- How much excess body fat do you have?
- Do you want to lose weight? Etc., etc.I
- A 160 lb person has a base metabolism of approx. 2,200 cal/day
- 10 miles hiking with a 30 lb backpack at 120 cal/mi, is another 1,200 calories.
- Assume 3,000 elevation gain is another 600 calories.
- Total caloric expenditure: 4,000 cal/day
- 1.5 pounds of food at 125 cal/oz = 3,000 calories. (see Note 2)
- Caloric deficit = 1,000 cal/per day. Or around 1/3 lb of hiker per day (this is fat metabolized/burned)
Under this very simplified estimate, our 160 pound hiker runs a 1,000 calorie per day deficit. They would lose about 1/3 lb per day or around 2 lb per week. If our hiker was a bit overweight and didn’t mind being hungry this might be OK or even desirable. But it’s probable that they would feel better and hike faster if they weren’t running a caloric deficit.
For someone near their ideal weight, running a 1,000 calorie a day deficit might not be a good idea. It might be OK for a few days, but not for long outings. It’s not that you can’t do it if you have to. I’ve hiked 3 days without food.
- Is it good for your health?
- Will you feel great and enjoy your outing?
- Will you hike your fastest?
- Will your body have the nutrition to recover after a hard day of hiking?
- Will you be more injury prone?
- Will you be alert and make safe decisions?
- What will your moods be like around others?
The answers and decisions to these questions and what you do is quite is personal. There are not right answers or decisions. But it makes sense to think about these a bit so you come up with the best food plan for you.
Note 1: I realize that this is a this very simplified estimate. Base metabolism, hiking efficiency, etc. are variable. The best approach is to do some on or off trail testing and see what caloric intake works best for you. Note that you may be able to get by on a low calorie intake but your athletic performance may go down as well. I know that I can eat 2,200 calories a day and ride my bike 175-200 miles per week. I also know that if I do this, I feel terrible, I loose around 2 lb per week, I can be cross with those around me, and my overall riding speed drops 1-2 mph. At around 3,200-3,500 calories a day I feel great, don’t gain weight, and can train at high intensity.
Note 2: I believe that most of us will end up averaging around 125-130 cal/oz even when packing high fat items like chocolate and peanut butter, etc. as part of our food. Low carb hiking food can be up to 150 cal/oz is doable for many people.
Note 3: Keto Hiking food can be as high as 170+ cal/oz. But this is a specialized diet. You need to be bonafide keto adapted before using this on the the trail. This means you likely need to have been following a serious keto diet at home for at least a few months. And you need to be testing that you actually are in ketosis using a Blood testing meter (Keto Mojo is the best and what I use) or Breath meter (Amazon) although I use the KEYTO Breath Meter
- To be very clear, I am not a Medical Doctor or a Nutritionist. What I share here is from my personal experience as a backpacker for over 50 years, professional backpacking guide, outdoor writer and an elite athlete. As such, this post should in no way be considered professional medical or nutritional advice. When in doubt, consult with the correct board certified professional.
- This post contains affiliate links. If you make a purchase after clicking on the these links, a portion of the sale helps support this site at no additional cost to you. I do not receive compensation from the companies whose products are listed. For product reviews: unless otherwise noted, products are purchased with my own funds. I am never under an obligation to write a review about any product. Finally, this post expresses my own independent opinion.
These tasty and nutritious backpacking meal recipes are healthier, have more calories and cost less than commercial, freeze dried backpacking meals. Keep it simple — there are enough nutritious backpacking meal recipes here to provide sufficient daily variety to keep meals fun and interesting. But there aren’t so many recipes that I spend too much time buying ingredients and assembling a large inventory of gourmet meals. I’d rather spend my time hiking than fussing with food.
Note: This is a companion piece to my top rated post, Best Backpacking Food – simple and nutritious – veggie and omnivore friendly which has more detailed info on nutrition and backpacking food choices.
Photo: Author eating dinner in the Alaska Range – credit: Andrew Skurka
Meal Rotation Planner — Nutritious Backpacking Meal Recipes
Keep it simple — I rotate 2 to 3 meal options for each trip. This provides enough food variety on the trail. By limiting meals to 2 to 3 nutritious backpacking meal recipes, I simplify food purchasing and meal prep.
|Backpacking Meal Planner – example of a 3-day rotation|
|1||None: eat large one off-trail||#1 Wrap+cheese & mustard (fruit #1)||#1 Rice+beans w chips+cheese|
|2||#1 Muesli||#2 Bison+sesame stix (dried fruit #2)||#2 Couscous curry|
|3||#2 Hot oatmeal/cream-o-wheat||#3 Crackers+almond butter (fruit #3)||#3 Chili mac|
|4||#3 Grape-Nuts + strawberries||#1 Wrap+cheese & mustard (fruit #1)||#1 Rice+beans w chips+cheese|
|5||#1 Muesli||#2 Bison+sesame stix (dried fruit #2)||#2 Couscous curry|
|6||#4 Quick breakfast meal bar||#3 Crackers+almond butter (fruit #3)||None: eat large one off-trail|
If you don’t already have one get an inexpensive kitchen scale that weighs up to 11 pounds (5 Kg). Almost all the ingredients are measured by weight for these recipes.
The following are nutritious and filling breakfasts that should keep a spring in your step until lunch! They have healthy fats and a good amount of protein. Note that the table below is in scrollable window. Please scroll down to see all the recipes Or you can see ALL THE RECIPES full page here, as a Google Sheet
The following are nutritious backpacking dinner recipes. These are filling meals at around 700-800 calories per serving! They have healthy fats and a good amount of protein. Note that the table below is in scrollable window. Please scroll down to see all the recipes Or you can see ALL THE DINNER RECIPES on a full page here, as a Google Sheet
Dessert and Hot Drink Recipes
The following are just few ideas for desserts and after dinner drinks. Note that the table below is in scrollable window. Please scroll down to see all the recipes Or you can see ALL THE DINNER RECIPES full page here, as a Google Sheet
Rice And Beans With Cheese And Tortilla Chips
Then separately package in ziplock snack baggies:
- 3-4 oz cheddar cheese (cubed or shredded)
- 2 oz of lightly salted tortilla chips of your choice (lightly crushed)
Place both the cheese and chip baggies back in the meal bag and reseal it.
Meal Prep Directions
- pour 17 to 18 oz hot water into the meal packet and set aside to re-hydrate
- after about 5 minutes, stir in cheese
- when full hydrated (about 10 min), crumble tortilla chips over the top and enjoy!
Note: eat in packet with long spoons unless you want to be scraping cheese out of your pot and/or bowls for some time.
Quick ways to reduce backpack weight. A few may surprise you…
- Look at The Big Three: Backpack, Tent/shelter, and Sleep System (sleeping bag, sleeping pad, and ground cloth). You stand to lose a bunch of weight from these: as much as 10 to 12 pounds.
- Take a Backpack that weighs less than two pounds. See our: Best Backpacks for Backpacking and Hiking
- Take a Tent that weighs less than two pounds. See our: Best Backpacking Tents | Lightweight & Ultralight
- Take a Sleeping bag that that weighs less than 1.5 pounds. See our: Buyers Guide to Lightweight Backpacking Quilts & Sleeping Bags
- Look at our 9 Pound Full Comfort Lightweight Backpacking Gear List for more ideas for gear to save weight.
Nine pounds of backpacking gear is all a hiker needs to be safe and warm. Or simply put, this list has better backpacking gear. For over a decade it’s been tested, refined, and updated to reflect only the best and most current backpacking gear now available in 2019. So, if you want to reduce pack weight without reducing comfort, look no further! The hiking gear in this guide is suitable for all 3-season conditions on trips around the world, from Alaska, to Patagonia, to Utah.
- Look on The Backpacking Food Page to save a ton of weight at zero cost
- Get a weather report (the NOAA hourly weather graph is among the most informative and accurate)—then pack for those conditions! Since 90% of backpackers take 90% their trips for 3 days or or less, this weather report should be quite accurate for the short time you are out. This will let you pack a tent, clothing, and sleeping bag appropriate for actual conditions. It will also deter you from taking inappropriate, “what-if-the-worst-happens!” gear, e.g. 6 pound tent, and a +10F sleeping bag for a balmy weather trip on the Appalachian Trail.
- Don’t take extra clothing. e.g. don’t take any more clothing than you can wear at one time.
- Take less: Be disciplined and leave a few items at home that you haven’t used in the last three trips. Put stuff like sunscreen and trail soap in smaller containers.
- Extra Credit: Browse The Gear Lists Page for other ideas and examples to save weight. This will give you a good examples of what type of gear is available and what is a reasonable weight for that type of gear, e.g. around 6-8 ounces for a rain jacket, or around 1.0 ounce for a pocket knife. Think hard if your gear is 2 to 3x heavier than the examples on these lists.
- Read my The Best Hydration — Drink When Thirsty. Use a Sawyer Squeeze Water Filter to drink at the source (lake, stream, etc.). Then only carry a sensible amount to get to your next known water source. I.e. it makes no sense to carry 3 liters of water, almost 7 pounds, when your next water source is only two hours away.
- Remember to have fun! That will at least, lighten your spirit and mood.
How Do I Start?
- Ground yourself in reality: Get all your stuff together and weigh it. If you’re like most conventional hikers, your equipment will weigh around 30 pounds, possibly higher.
- Get individual weights for your heavier items like tents and backpacks. For stuff in the range of a few pounds or less you’ll want to buy an inexpensive digital scale that weighs up to 10 pounds.
- See what you can leave at home. Anything you don’t bring is free weight reduction. Think hard about this one. Do you really need it?
- Put together a spreadsheet (or at least a list) with all your equipment weights. This is an indispensable analysis tool.
- Try to figure out where you’ll get the most “bang for the buck.” e.g. figure out how much a new item costs and divide that by the amount of weight it will save you over your old equipment. Target the items that give you the most weight loss for the fewest dollars.
- Buy on Sale: Don’t try to purchase all your new equipment right away. Many items regularly go on sale or are closed out. Watch carefully over the course of a year and you could save 30 to 70 percent on your equipment.
NEW June 2016 – Meal Recipes are Posted. See Nutritious Backpacking Meal Recipes here
This list is packed with nutritious backpacking food for a “week long” trip of 7 days
- 6 nights of dinners and breakfasts
- 7 days of lunches and daytime snacks
That is you don’t eat breakfast on the day your go in. And you don’t eat dinner on the day you come out. This is equivalent to around 6.6 full days hiking. I’ve organized the food so that it should be easy to scale to more or fewer hiking days.
Note: any entry with a blank in “qty” means the food item is an alternative that may be a) added and/or b) substituted for another item on the list. For example if you are veggie, you could substitute one of the soy jerkies (Primal & Stonewall) the meat jerky. And to easily add vegetables to my homemade dinners I use freeze dried vegetables from Just Tomatoes. I like the “Hot Just Veggies.”
A Simple and Nutritious Backpacking Food List for 7 days
|Breakfasts (6 mornings)||qty||oz||tot||c/oz||Comments|
|Familia Breakfast (with Bob’s Red Mill Muesli)||2||5.5||11.0||125||see Recipe Page|
|Grape Nuts/Kashi Seven Nuggets (my recipe)||2||5.0||10.0||124||see Recipe Page|
|Oatmeal Breakfast (my recipe)||2||5.4||10.8||115||see Recipe Page|
|Coffee, Starbuck’s VIA ($0.72/cup @Amazon)||6||0.1||0.8||4g pkt = 130-140 mg caffeine|
|Coffee for gold filter brewing 25g per 12 fl-oz||0.9||alternative to instant coffee, less $|
|Tea – bag or loose leaf (4-6g per 12 fl-oz)||0.1||if using bags, sealed packets are best|
|Lunches (7 days)||qty||oz||tot||c/oz||Comments|
|Dense whole grain bread (lunch serving)||3||2.0||6.0||80|
|Almond Butter (2 oz serv)||3||2.0||6.0||155||pers fave – eat w bread/crackers|
|Tuna in olive oil 2.6 oz pkt (2.9 oz incl packet)||2.9||65||eat w bread, oil adds cal’s & healthy fat|
|Crackers, Dr Kracker (lunch serving)||2||1.5||3.0||125||Awesome, high calorie & indestructible|
|Cheese (lunch serving)||2||2.5||5.0||115||eat with crackers|
|TJ’s whole wheat tortillas||2||2.0||4.0||80|
|Dry salami (without nitrates)||2||2.5||5.0||105||eat with tortillas|
|Mustard packets||n/a||to eat with cheese or salami|
|Bison Jerkey (3.5 oz bag)||3.5||60||online, or TJs and Whole Foods|
|Turkey Jerky||4.0||90||online, or TJs and Whole Foods|
|Primal Strips Meatless Vegan Jerkey (teriyaki)||1.0||100||vegan protein option – up to 11g prot.|
|Stonewall’s Jerquee (soy based)||1.5||110||veggie protein option – up to 14g prot.|
|Dinners (6 nights)||qty||oz||tot||c/oz||Comments|
|Black Beans & Rice w Cheese & Corn Chips (yum!)||2||5.5||11.0||115||see Recipe Page|
|Chili Mac Dinner||2||5.5||11.0||120||see Recipe Page|
|Curry Cous Cous Dinner||2||6.0||12.0||135||see Recipe Page|
|Desserts (6 nights)||qty||oz||tot||c/oz||Comments|
|Snickers Bar or MilkyWay Midnight||2||2.1||4.2||135||daytime snack or dessert|
|Chocolate (dark)||4||2.0||8.0||153||great when eaten with dried fruit|
|Cocoa Nibs||1.0||150||tasty when added to dark chocolate|
|Snakwell Cookie Packet||2||1.7||3.4||123||great with hot chocolate|
|Hot Chocolate (make your own with Nido)||2||2.2||4.4||130||see Dessert recipe Page|
|Snack Bars (for ~7 days)||qty||oz||tot||c/oz||Comments|
|Pro Bar Meal Bar||2||3.0||6.0||125||healthy, easy to eat|
|ProBar’s Base Protein Bars||2||2.5||4.9||114||adds 20g of soy protein|
|Cliff Builder’s Protein Bar||2||2.5||4.9||115||adds 20g of soy protein|
|Snacks (for ~7 days)||qty||oz||tot||c/oz||Comments|
|Gorp (50% walnuts, 50% dried fruit – raisins?)||7||2.0||14.0||150||usually mix my own|
|Honey sesame sticks||7||1.8||12.6||150||online or at Whole Foods|
|Candied nuts (TJs has a ton of varieties)||3||1.5||4.5||150|
|Dried mango un-sweetened/sulfered||3||2.0||6.0||90||also great dessert with dark chocolate!|
|Apricots (dried, un-sweetened, un-sulfered)||4||1.5||6.0||87||also great dessert with dark chocolate!|
|Papaya (dried, un-sweetened, un-sulfered)||100||at Whole Foods|
|Raisins, organic (Thompson, TJs)||95|
|Generic dried fruit||85|
|Tic-Tacs||0||mindless fun to eat on trail|
|Pringles||150||tasty, high in calories|
|Lb of food for trip||11.5|
|Lb food per day||1.7|
|Calories/oz of food||127|
[fusion_text]Most ultralight backpackers take stoves. Just small light ones. When I hike with others, I take a stove and do civilized stuff like make coffee & tea and hot dinners. Sometimes, especially when I solo, I go ultra simple with no-cook food.
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Most hikers are used to caffeine in the morning. Interrupting that habit makes for grumpy hikers who are not the best trail company. Caffeine pills help, but do not provide the same emotional (some would say spiritual) comfort of wrapping your hands around a cup of soothingly warm liquid.
Coffee has the disadvantage of oily, hard-to-clean residues in your cup and pot. Ground coffee only keeps fresh for a few days at most (some believe it is only minutes or hours after grinding).
I make tea. Loose leaf teas like Assam, Darjeeling (black tea) or Sencha (green tea) keep for months in the backcountry and are a cinch to clean up after. Here’s a five minute tutorial video about making loose leaf tea in the backcountry (about 19 MB)
Backcountry Tea using the Trail Designs Caldera Cone Stove cooking system
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Disclaimer: Posts on this site contain affiliate links. If you make a purchase after clicking on these links, a portion of the sale helps support this site at no additional cost to you. I do not receive compensation from the companies whose products I review. Unless otherwise noted, products are purchased with my own funds. I am never under an obligation to write a review about any product. Finally, reviews express my own independent opinion.