A Very Different High Route – Escalante Overland Route

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The Escalante Overland Route is arguably the most exciting high route in the lower-48! It is certainly the most beautiful and challenging trip we’ve done. The beauty of its remote desert canyons and mesas are equal to the best the planet has to offer, Grand Canyon included. Breathtaking views of red rock and the southwestern desert appear around every bend of the Escalante River. 

The Escalante Overland Route (OLR) traverses the Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument, arguably the best, true wilderness in the lower 48. Compared to the millions who visit the Grand Canyon each year, the vast expanse of the Monument below Highway 12 has no trails and few people. Many of the canyons only see a few visitors a year, if any. You are unlikely to see another person on the route. It is the perfect setting for a bona fide adventure filled with jaw dropping beauty.

Just to be clear, this is Steve Allen’s route. He describes an “Overland Route” in a few terse paragraphs at the end of a 1997 guide book. He presents it more of a challenge than a guide. In the ensuing 20 years it’s remained off the radar, with almost no known completions. In this sense, the OLR is closer to a “revived” route than a new one. Don Wilson, Andrew Skurka and I hope that this trip report will inspire more people to experience the wonders of the Escalante.

Lead photo: Author on dawn climb to Scorpion Bench. Andrew Skurka is next up. (Photo Don Wilson)

Alan’s photos: Sony a6000 with various Sony lenses (more on my camera setup here)
Don’s photos: Canon 5d with Canon EF 16-35mm f/4L IS USM lens

What is the Escalante Overland Route?

Escalante Overland Route

While millions gawk a the Grand Canyon each year, only a fortunate few will see this dawn view from a remote side canyon on the Escalante Overland Route.

The Escalante Overland Route is a stunning,  “desert canyon high route.” In many ways, it is better or equal to the Grand Canyon and it certainly has fewer people. For about 100 miles, the OLR stays high above the Escalante River Canyon, holding close to the rim. And counterintuitively, following the rim above the canyon is far more challenging than walking down the canyon bottom. The upside is the amazing view when perched on the edge of the rim a thousand feet above the canyon.

The Escalante was the last river of its size to be discovered in the lower 48 states and the area was the last to be mapped in the lower 48. (So recent that the maps have a 1000 meter grid and UTM coordinates!) Today, only a few canyons such as Coyote Gulch and Neon Canyon see regular use. And some of the side canyons are so remote and inaccessible, that people only go there about once every 5 to 10 years.

Escalante Overland Route

What’s our next move? Don checking out maps high above the Escalante. Navigation is critical & at times beyond challenging.

Stats and Route Info

Escalante Overland Route

CLICK ON MAP TO ENLARGE: The 100 mile Escalante Overland Route Follows above the Escalante River all the way from the town of Escalante to where it enters Lake Powell. (The traditional OLR is in blue. The new addition is in Red.)

Location: Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument, in Utah
Season: Spring (April to mid-May) and Fall (mid-Sept thru mid-Nov)
Duration  7 to 12 days.
Distance: 100 miles (including the new addition)

  • 80 miles Steve Allen’s traditional route (6 to 10 days)
  • +20 additional miles from town of Escalante to Allen’s route start (1.5 to 2 days)
Navigation: About as hard as it gets. It will confuse the heck out of you unless you are an expert navigating canyon country.  And even then…
Physical: Strenuous. No trails. Long walking on sand, uneven/broken terrain of all sorts, bushwhacking, unavoidable poison ivy, and a lot of scrambling/climbing. Expect low mileage days.
Technical: Semi-technical: For experienced canyoneers that are also rock climbers. Somebody needs to be capable of leading a few of the climbing sections without protection.
Gear: Sand-resistant shoes with tons of grip on rock. Lots of capacity to carry water. Climbing rope, harness, hardware and webbing to form anchors. (Depending on the time of year temperatures can vary from below freezing to 90s °F with intense sun.)
A light pack is key to moving quickly and safely: Here’s a list of the 9 lbs of gear I took
Reference: Steve Allen’s Canyoneering 3: Loop Hikes in Utah’s Escalante. The Overland Route description starts on page 306.


The Escalante Overland Route has risk. Some climbing is un-protectable on the smooth slick-rock. Author, free climbing in wet shoes over a pour-off (an overhanging cliff that blocks a canyon). A light pack is critical here! [photo Don Wilson]

Why is this a Trip Report and not a Comprehensive Guide?

While it’s exciting and beautiful, the Escalante Overland Route (OLR) may also be the most demanding high route in the lower-48.  You have to earn the views and the solitude. This challenging terrain demands 100% of your attention. It also requires your absolute best physical, navigational, and scrambling/climbing abilities. It is not a route to be taken lightly.

The original intent was to publish a Guide and Mapset for the Escalante Overland Route. In 2015, Don Wilson, Andrew Skurka and I did the first half of the OLR. In 2016, Don Wilson and I went back and completed the route (Andrew had a schedule conflict). Don and I also scouted the last difficult sections of the new addition—crossing Sandy Creek and Calf Creek.

But in the end Don, Andrew and I agree with Steve Allen. The route is too challenging and dangerous for us, in clear conscience, to publish a comprehensive guide. In fact, a guide would ruin the intent of the OLR—a challenging and complex route to be relished and puzzled out on your own. So we opted for this Trip Report and Photo Essay.

That being said, we certainly don’t want to deter competent canyoneers from doing all or part of the route. People who are interested should read through the Challenges and Cautions for the Route section to assess whether this is something they want to undertake. If not, consider the easier, Non-technical Canyon Backpacking option below. But by all means get out into the canyons!

An Easy Introduction to the Wonders of Canyoneering

Many beautiful canyons are low risk – One can simply walk in and walk out. So, if you are interested in canyoneering but don’t know how, you might want to read my Non-technical Canyon Backpacking in Utah – a how to guide for getting started. There are a number of spectacular, but not difficult canyon systems waiting for you to explore.

Dawn near scorpion Gulch.

Dawn near scorpion Gulch.

History of the Escalante Overland Route

The original “Overland Route” was proposed in 1997 by Steve Allen in a few terse paragraphs in the very back of his Canyoneering 3: Loop Hikes in Utah’s Escalante. He does not say that he’s done the route in any intentional way, although he certainly could have. And it’s almost 100% certain that Steve has done all portions of the OLR at one time or another on various trips.

But I’ve done a bunch of Google Searching and can find only a few mentions of using short sections of the OLR to connect-up a bit of terrain for another trip. As for the the complete OLR, I’ve found no records or trip reports or mentions, let alone a record or mention of someone successfully completing it. The only person I know who has done the complete OLR is Bill Wolverton and that was a number of years back. Bill recently retired, but he worked for the BLM in Escalante for many years. He is something of a local canyoneering expert and legend. According to Bill, he knows a few people who attempted the OLR, but is not aware of anybody completing it. They could have, but never reported back one way or the other.


Water is scarce above the Escalante but sunlight and heat are plentiful. Don taking a break in the shade at a welcome opportunity to resupply our diminished water supply.

Brief Description

Allen’s Traditional Overland Route

The traditional 80 mile OLR (Steve Allen’s) starts on Route 12 near Calf Creek Falls and finally leaves the Escalante River Canyon just before Lake Powell. In between, it aggressively navigates across/around 10 major side canyons (and numerous smaller side canyons) as quickly as possible—many times with difficult-to-locate and challenging technical entrances and exits. It’s certainly the most difficult navigation that we’ve done.

New Extension – Start in the Town of Escalante

I’ve added a 20 mile extension to the traditional OLR. The extension starts on the historic Boulder Mail Trail (BMT) on the outskirts of the town of Escalante, Utah. This trail delivered mail by mule to Boulder, Utah until 1935—one of the last mule mail delivery routes in the US. The extension crosses the famous Box Death Hollow, before leaving the BMT to cross the major canyons of Sandy Creek, and Calf Creek. It joins Allen’s traditional OLR on Rt 12 about 2 miles south of the Calf Creek Falls Viewpoint. (Note: there are some more elegant and challenging ways to cross Box Death Hollow vs. the Boulder Mail Trail!)

Challenges and Cautions for the Route


Andrew Skurka down climbs a 5th class section of the route. (We had lowered packs using our rope.) [photo Don Wilson]

Steve Allen, the originator of the Overland Route, may have ratings that some consider a bit conservative, but they still bear serious consideration for people contemplating the route. Allen describes the challenges of the “Overland Route” (OLR) as follows:

“It is not intended to be done in one push, although that would be an incredible accomplishment. [The Overland Route is] meant for those looking for remote and seldom-explored country… Most sections of the OLR are appropriate only for hardcore canyoneers that are also experienced rock climbers. Difficult climbing on steep walls, demanding route-finding problems, long distances between known water sources, and other assorted perils await the bold explorer…

The leader must be experienced with belay techniques and capable of leading the climbing sections without protection. Often the route descriptions are brief [or terse and vague to the point confusing and/or downright misleading]. You must be well versed in map reading and not be intimidated by long stretches of complex and convoluted terrain. You will not find the OLR marked on maps in this guide. The dedicated and adventurous will be forced to assemble the puzzle on their own… Warning: Do not take the OLR lightly. It is intricate, at times trying, and without a doubt dangerous.

What We Did

All that being said, we managed the route without a belay. We only used our rope once, and that that was to lower packs so we could do a 5th class down climb without them (photo above). Others might have a very different take on risk and what to do. But Allen is exactly right on on two points:

  1. There are sections where somebody is going to need to climb class 4+ or low 5th class slick-rock without protection. This is usually down climbing which is less pleasant.
  2. The navigation is exceptionally hard.

A Few Parting Photos from the Route

Here are a few more photos to give you an impression of the Escalante Overland Route


What the world looks like from the rim of the canyon. To give you a sense of scale, those tiny green dots in the canyon bottom are full sized cottonwood trees.

A typical slick rock camp. This is an extermely remote canyon. (We just put quilts down on the slcikrock to sleep.)

Dinner at typical camp in an extremely remote canyon. Practicing leave not trace, we just put down quilts down on the slick rock to sleep. Nobody will ever know if we were there.

Even in the desert getting wet is sometimes unavoidable. Don in our final exit canyon from the Escalante River.

Even in the desert getting wet is sometimes unavoidable.

Tarps are perfect for the desert with its low chance of rain. They are a great way to save weight. Don and I only set ours up when there was a chance of rain, otherwise it stayed in the pack. See: Recommended Tents, Tarps and other Shelters

Dawn silhouette above the Escalante

Dawn silhouette above the Escalante.


And of course many thanks and gratitude to Don Wilson, Andrew Skurka for being great partners in this adventure. -alan

26 replies
  1. jan
    jan says:

    As part of a bigger 160 mile/15 day loop we did the EO from Silver Falls to Ichabod/Bobway in 8 days, with many day hikes included – a distance of 85 miles. They only info we used to follow the route was Allen’s 15 page description. With good canyon sense this is very good beta.

    Short days, cold nights and frozen potholes in late November 2023 made for a different experience. Our trip was long enough to include 3 storm cycles, thankfully only the last with snow.

    None of the mandatory ‘problems’ in this more technical part of the EO were scary/difficult enough to make me never wanting to do them again; mostly low angle Moqui steps and short, semi-hard boulder problems with little exposure. We did add some non-essential side trips and variations that had spicy sections I’d probably rather not do again.

    It should be noted that the direction (north to south) described in Allen’s book is highly recommended. Some of the crux passages could be a lot more difficult the other way.

    My veteran McNab trail dog accompanied my again, as always, and did just fine

    • Jaeger Shaw
      Jaeger Shaw says:

      Hi Jan –

      Sounds like a mega sweet trip and we appreciate you sharing the experience. Thanks and happy hiking to you and your four-legged companion!

  2. Zack
    Zack says:

    This is a brilliant route in a *marvelous* area. I just got back from completing the first 50–60% or so, from the Escalante BMT trailhead to Neon Canyon. I had plans to finish it in one go but was shut down by conditions: there’s no reliable water this year besides the river and major creeks, and with the 95-degree temps of the last few days I was consuming too much water to dry camp, which I would have needed to do in the long loop around Baker Canyon that follows Neon. Oh well. I had a lovely 7 days out there, and will look forward to going back at some more hospitable time to finish it off.

    I like the new start you suggest: Death Hollow, Sand Hollow, and Calf Creek are gorgeous, and all contrast interestingly with canyons further downriver. And it’s nice to start when the river is just a little creek and gradually see it swell as it meets its various tributaries.

    And thanks for not posting a guide. For me, Steve Allen gives just the right amount of information: sufficient that I felt oriented and confident that safe passage exists, but spare enough that I still had to engage the landscape on my own (something I love about off-trail hiking). Those who aren’t able, or even just don’t like, to find their own way through the labyrinth (including careful map-and-compass work and a good bit of scouting around for the best route) shouldn’t be out there in the first place. And in addition to the other wise cautions you’ve given about the route’s difficulties, I’ll add that going solo makes a few climbing sequences more complex and difficult, since you don’t have someone who can pass you your pack.

  3. haiku
    haiku says:

    Hey there-

    I’m trying to come up with some shorter trips to do over the next year or two, while I’m stuck in a day job. This looks like an awesome adventure. How does this compare to something like the Hayduke? What recommendations do you have in preparing for something like this- I did part of the SHR and found taking an intro bouldering class helped beforehand, do you recommend climbing skills for this as well? I’ve a few thrus under my belt but just a moderate amount of route finding experience (I feel pretty confident tho, few trips now). TY!!

  4. Jack Rasmussen
    Jack Rasmussen says:

    The Escalante OLR has piqued my interest. My age would preclude me from attempting it in its entire length at one time. Do you have any recommendations for sections? Also, My last adventure into Southwest Utah (Halls Narrows) was in early to mid April and it was pleasantly WARM. Do you have a recommended time of year to attempt this?

    • Alan Dixon
      Alan Dixon says:

      Hi Jack, I suggest you read the cautions for this route carefully. I think the major challenges to the Escalante OLR are 1) navigation — some sections are very difficult to figure out, and 2) you really will need to do unprotected 5th class down-climbs. Only you can assess whether you can do this. Compared to those challenges time of year is a distant concern. Warmest, -alan

  5. steve
    steve says:

    Hi Allen,
    Thank you for the great website. Two years ago I soloed the WRHR. Your trip guide and gear list were key to a successful trip. I am interested in the Escalante Overland. Can I ask why you exited at Red Well instead of crossing Coyote Gulch to Fortymile TH? Also what is max water capacity you ever carried?

    • Alan Dixon
      Alan Dixon says:

      Hi Steve. Apologies for the late reply. I out in the Arizona backcountry to find summer for a few days :-) We exited at Redwell for a couple of reasons. First we were using a passenger car and the roads were wet and muddy. It snowed on our way in. So Red Well was a better bet to get out vs. a trail head further down the road. Second, there is not real right route, we tried to stick to Allen’s OLR but whatever variation you want to do is good. Finally, Coyote while beautiful is possibly the most traveled section of the Escalante. Wishing you a great year hiking. Warmest, -alan

  6. Zack
    Zack says:

    Thanks for posting this—this is really inspirational. What shoes would you recommend for this sort of terrain? I worry the trail runners I usually hike in aren’t sufficiently sand-resistant or grippy.


    • Alan Dixon
      Alan Dixon says:

      Hi Zack, I used some lightweight road running shoes that had a sand resistant fabric. They worked fine. Most of the challenge is getting friction on the slick rock. As such, lugged soles can actually be a disadvantage since you want maximum amount of rubber on the rock, just like a climbing shoe. Hope this helps, -alan

      • Zack
        Zack says:

        Thanks again for the tip. We couldn’t quite swing the time off for the Overland Route this year, but we did Steve Allen’s loop #21 through Stevens Canyon and the Waterpocket Fold, which seems to have many of the same challenges (like slickrock climbing to class 4+ or so), and my Brooks Ghosts worked great. The Escalante is every bit as beautiful, wild, and committing as described.

        • Alan Dixon
          Alan Dixon says:

          Nice work Zack. A beautiful and challenging area. Thinks i know the 4th class slab you are talking about :-) -a

  7. Ace Kvale
    Ace Kvale says:

    Please please take this down. I have spent years doing all portions of the Overlsnd Route. Don’t advertise it I beg you!

  8. Alan Dixon
    Alan Dixon says:

    And Based on Amy & Jim’s comment, I am reposting this Q and A from the Facebook Post for this route:

    Q: How much exposure is there on the 5th class? How does the difficulty compare to 4th / low 5th in the Sierras? How much can climbing skills compensate for canyoneering inexperience?

    A: First in a general sense, safety is the sum of your total experience in canyons. There are a ton of factors (too many to list in this short reply) that you need to take into account and execute to move intelligently and safely. Climbing is only small part of that. I would say that good navigation an good decision making, and safety judgment calls are all more important than executing the technical climbing. In summary, canyon travel it is it’s own thing and it really does take some time to become proficient. And we are all learning new things on every trip. I learned some new stuff on the OLR!

    As to the specific climbing question. Utah slickrock is different than Sierra granite. Unlike most sierra granite, there really aren’t foot or handholds on slickrock. It’s mostly friction climbing. If your lucky there are some shallow imperfections to help a bit. Occasionally it can be a bit rotten on the surface, so a bit sandy and slippery under foot. And yes there’s exposure, and if you fall you could be seriously hurt or dead. The more significant Q is are you climbing the right rock in the right place? Up climb the wrong rock and you might be in for some nastiness if it turns out to you need to retreat. down climbing the same rock is nowhere near as safe or as easy. I would say the worst is down climbing a long, exposed 4+ friction slab with your pack on. It really sucks and I avoid it at all costs. And you really are in the middle of nowhere. Nobody is going to happen by if you get in a jam. Food for thought. -alan

  9. Amy & James
    Amy & James says:

    “According to Bill, he knows a few people who attempted the OLR, but is not aware of anybody completing it.” Chalk us up as a pair who tried but failed. Jim broke his leg on day 3 of our 11 day attempt. And it wasn’t even on challenging terrain – just one of those random mis-steps, when you’re not really paying close attention because it’s not a tricky place. We couldn’t retrace our steps because of his leg, but we had mapped all of the potential exit points and were able to make use of one of them via a 50 foot belay. It took us 3 days but we made it out without assistance.

    We agree with Alan’s two main points. The Escalante region is knock-your-socks-off beautiful, all of it, end-to-end and high-to-low. And this is no route for hikers who have not already spent many dozens of days hiking obscure routes in these canyons.

    Amy & James DoingMiles.com

  10. Brian
    Brian says:

    The OLR is a fantastic and remote route. I added in many sections of the OLR during my 2005 hike along the Hayduke Trail. Thank you for deciding to not publish a comprehensive guide to the route.

  11. Joshua Joshua
    Joshua Joshua says:

    It was pleasure doing part of it with you and Andrew.
    Now, I just have to venture out on my own!!!


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